Drywall is commonly used in modern homes and building interiors today. Unlike plaster, drywall is easy to install and gives a tidy and smooth appearance to walls and ceilings. Furthermore, some manufacturers add anti-mildew and fire resistant materials. The problem with drywall is it’s not as sturdy as plaster and can only withstand limited abuse. Without a doubt, you will need you patch and area of drywall in your house at some point.
Drywall is subjected to several types of damages such as superficial scratch, small, medium and large holes, and surface bruise—a bump that do not make holes. These damages give an awful look but can be repaired with the use of drywall repair kits. Drywall repair kits are inexpensive and readily available—some kits are made according to the extent of the damage. A lot of people assume that repairing drywall is a tough task. But the truth is you can do it yourself and considered as a basic DIY skill.
Before you begin that DIY project, here are some safety guidelines from DoItYourself.com:
1. Drywall is heavy and awkward to lift and maneuver. It is best to work in pairs, especially when working on ceilings and high areas.
2. Be careful when lifting so as not to cause unnecessary strain.
3. The proper respirator or face mask is recommended when sanding or sawing.
4. Be sure power tools are properly grounded.
5. Use the appropriate tool for the job.
6. Keep blades sharp. A dull blade requires excessive force, causes sloppiness, can slip and is the cause of many accidents.
7. Protect your eyes from gypsum dust by wearing safety glasses or goggles.
8. Observe proper use of stepladders. Never climb higher then the second step from the top – use a taller ladder instead. Be certain the spreader bars are locked in place and both pairs of legs are fully open. If leaning the ladder against a wall, a safe distance between the wall and the feet of the ladder is one quarter the height of the ladder. Do not use an aluminum ladder near electrical wires.
9. When setting a plank between ladders as a scaffold, be sure it extends a foot on each side and is clamped or nailed to its support.
10. Use the proper protection, take precautions and plan ahead. Never bypass safety to save money or rush a project.
Things You Need To Know About Drywall
Drywall is used to make interior walls and ceilings. This is the alternative to the usually used lath and plaster. It is also known as wall boardor plasterboard.
A wallboard panel is made of a paper liner wrapped around an inner core made primarily from gypsum plaster. It is made in varying lengths to suit the installation. Drywall is easy to install compared to the traditional plaster. If plaster installation takes a week-long process, drywall can be installed in just two days by two expert drywall installer or even amateur carpenters. But for large-scale construction, installing and finishing is split between the drywall mechanic who install the wall board and the tapers and mud men, who finish the joints and cover the nail heads with drywall compound. You can even do it by yourself with a lending hand from someone. Here’s how drywall is installed:
Drywall is cut to size, using a large T-square, by scoring the paper on the front side (usually white) with a utility knife, breaking the sheet along the cut, scoring the paper backing, and finally breaking the sheet in the opposite direction.
Small features such as holes for outlets and light switches are usually cut using a keyhole saw or a small high-speed bit in a rotary tool.
Drywall is then fixed to the wall structure with nails, glue, or more commonly the drywall screws.
Drywall fasteners can also be used in installing. It is used for supporting interior drywall corners and replacing the non-structural wood or metal blocking that traditionally was used to install drywall. Their function serves to save on material and labor expenses, and for energy efficiency, and to make plumbing and electrical installation simpler.
Drywall screws heads have a curved taper, allowing them to self-pilot and install rapidly without punching through the paper cover. These screws are set slightly into the drywall. When drywall is hung on wood framing, screws having an acute point and widely spaced threads are used. When drywall is hung on light-gauge steel framing, screws having an acute point and finely spaced threads are used. In some applications, the drywall may be attached to the wall with adhesives.
After the sheets are secured to the wall studs or ceiling joists, the seams between drywall sheets are concealed using joint tape and several layers of joint compound. This compound is also applied to any screw holes or defects. The mixture is allowed to air dry then typically sanded smooth before painting.
Alternatively, for a better finish, the entire wall may be given a skim coat, a thin layer of finishing compound, to minimize the visual differences between the paper and mudded areas after painting.
Those are the easy-to-follow procedures in installing drywall. Just always remember to be cautious upon doing it by yourself for safety purposes. Though you will have to exert effort on doing it yourself, still you can save more than paying for services from drywall installers.
How To Install Drywall
When learning how to install drywall, you must first checkout the layout of your ceiling in order to see how thick it needs to be. You will need around 5/8 sheetrock if you have trusses, and the layout will be 2ft from the center. When you find yourself covering sealing joist, then you should use 1/2″ sheetrock, like in a basement when the joists are 16″. You should use a minimum of five screws per row, and they need to be at least 1 & 1/4” in length.
To install drywall, determine how much sheetrock is required. Measure the length and widths of the ceiling and entire project, also include any pop outs that are present. If you are using 8ft rock, then divide the measured number by 32. In the other hand, you will divide by 48 if you are using a 12ft drywall. With the calculations, you will get the requires amount of sheets needed for the project. Every wall and closet of the room will use the same process and calculations as well. The walls will need 1/2″ rock, and the numbers of screws will also remain the same.
Check to make sure that the walls are nailed properly before hanging the rock. Also, look for any warped 2×4′s among your walls. It’s important to replace any boards that are bad. First, hang the ceiling, then return the sheetrock jack. Ensure that the rows of rock are staggered. This will decrease movement due to a better tape job. You must install the upper row first and then the bottom when hanging the walls. The baseboard or trim will cover the gaps that are left along the bottom. For those of you who might have a wall that’s 9′ tall, you will need to fill the middle with a 12″ strip, which makes it easier to tape. Hopefully, these fundamentals have provided proper guidance for anyone learning how to install drywall.